In this video, we discuss the difference between adjustment of status and consular processing.
What is adjustment of status?
Adjustment of Status is the process by which a foreign national applies for permanent residence, essentially their green card, within the United States. In order to apply for adjustment of status within the United States, the foreign national must have entered the United States lawfully (typically on a U.S. visa) and be married to a U.S. Citizen. The foreign national must not have entered the marriage within the first 90 days of entry to the United States. Doing so creates a presumption of fraud and the couple will be denied at the green card interview.
Example: The foreign national entered the U.S. on a student visa, and later met a U.S. Citizen. The couple then became engaged, and married in the U.S.
The process begins with the filing of the following forms typically at the same time:
- I-130 petition for alien relative (signed by the U.S. citizen)
- I-485 application for adjustment of status aka the green card application (signed by the foreign national)
- I-765 application for employment authorization (signed by the foreign national)
- I-131 application for travel document (signed by the foreign national)
- G-325A biographical information (signed by both the U.S. Citizen spouse and foreign national)
- I-864 Affidavit of Support (signed by the U.S. Citizen)
The process ends with a green card interview before a USCIS immigration officer at a field office near the couple’s place of residence. The purpose of the interview is to determine whether the couple has a bona fide marriage. Both the petitioner and foreign national must attend this interview.